Alpaca

Reserved for Incan royalty

Alpacas were raised by the Incas in South America over 6000 years ago. Kept in herds, Alpacas made their dainty way among the mountains of Peru, Chile and Bolivia, where clothing made from their hair was reserved for Incan royalty. Alpacas come in all sorts of colours, but there are actually only two types of breeds. The difference is in the hair. The Huacaya alpacas have a really fluffy fleece that gives them the appearance of teddy bears, while the Suri type have long locks of hair that grow straight down. Most alpacas that you see in Canada are Huacayas. Alpacas get shaved for their hair, just like sheep. And just like sheep, all sorts of things can be made from their wool, like sweaters and hats and scarves and blankets. Unlike sheep’s wool, alpaca hair is hypoallergenic, which means people won’t get allergies from it and sneeze and itch. Even better, alpaca wool is flame-resistant and water-resistant. Which means you can have a lot of adventures in your alpaca sweater – that, and it’s easy to clean.

Alpaca with white wool smiling for the camera

Quick Facts:
Area:  South America
Habitat:  Mountains
Food:  Vegetation
Size:   4 to 7 feet tall and weigh 121 to 143 lbs.